The Moon

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The full Moon as Seen through my 5 inch aperture scope
The moon makes for a breathtaking target that never disappoints. The moon was formed soon after the Earth when a large celestial body crashed into it and generated lots of debris which slowly coalesced into the Moon. Interestingly enough, the moon only rotates once per orbit. This means that we always see the same side of the moon, no matter what phase it is in. The term for this situation is called tidally locked and as a result of this the moon moves a few centimeters away from the Earth each year. Don't worry though, by the end of the Earth's lifetime the moon will still be orbiting it. A pair of binoculars or a telescope can bring out amazing detail in the moon revealing many more craters than one would observe with the naked eye. Especially when the moon isn’t full, focus on the terminator (line dividing dark and illuminated part of the moon) for the best detail. In fact, try viewing the moon when it is little more than a crescent and you will be rewarded with a string of jewel like craters. Using a telescope at high power one could also look at the edge of the moon and notice mountains.
A crescent Moon as seen through my 12 inch aperture scope

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